Nail Fungus - What Remedies Can Help Get Rid Of It Soon?

what is nail fungus

Each of us can catch a fungus. It is an infectious disease that is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person and usually affects the nails and skin. If the nail plate has changed, started to crumble, has changed color, it means that an infection has occurred and onychomycosis has developed. It affects 20% of the adult population in the world.

Causes of occurrence

Most people have no idea what onychomycosis is and how dangerous it is. Pathogenic microorganisms, penetrating the nail structure, alter it. In addition to an aesthetic problem, fungi are capable of poisoning the whole body with toxins. This leads to allergic reactions, decreased protective functions of the body and diseases of internal organs.

Nail fungus can only be infected under favorable conditions. Normally, the skin has an acidic environment, which prevents the penetration of various infections. If its pH for some reason has changed towards alkaline, then the reproduction and growth of pathogenic organisms increases dramatically.

A humid environment also promotes infection. A person can become infected if personal hygiene or simple rules of conduct in public places are not observed. Dead scales of the patient's skin or nail are a source of infection.Causes of nail fungus can be:

  1. When you visit beaches, saunas, baths, water parks, showers, swimming pools, fitness centers, there is a risk of infection. Walking barefoot on a wet surface and having cracks or sores on the feet, the chances of "getting" fungus on the feet are very high.
  2. Tight shoes, improperly fitted synthetic socks, tights increase foot sweating, which leads to a change in the acid-base balance of the skin. Its protective functions are diminished, and this can lead to the appearance and spread of fungi.
  3. Weakened immunity, prolonged use of antibiotics, corticosteroids, antibacterial therapy contribute to onychomycosis infection.
  4. Diabetes mellitus in the elderly is a common cause of the disease.
  5. In case of contact with infected shoes with mushrooms, socks, towels, washing cloths, manicure equipment and other personal equipment of the patient, the infection occurs in 90% of cases.

Infection first occurs in a small area of ​​the nail, usually on the edge. Then the inflammatory process grows and spreads to other areas or penetrates deeper into the nail plate. The sooner nail fungus is found, the easier it is to cure. Therefore, at the first sign, treatment should begin immediately.

How the disease manifests itself

Not only a specialist but also the patient himself can diagnose onychomycosis in a person. The main signs of nail fungus are as follows:

  • nail plate changes color, from light yellow to black. The color depends on the type of fungus that infected the nails;
  • the shape and contour of the nail plate changes;
  • the nail crumbles, flakes, thickens, the natural shine disappears;
  • stench, unpleasant, painful sensation at the fingertips, near the nail plate.

important it is important to identify the disease in time to avoid further spread to the skin of the feet and other parts of the toes. The doctor will be able to accurately assess the degree of fungal infection and prescribe appropriate treatment.

There are 3 stages of mushrooms:

stages of nail fungus
  1. There are no obvious signs such as shape change, thickening of the cornice layer, cracking. It is very difficult to identify the disease during this period. But the appearance of barely visible stains on the surface of the nail plate, a slight change in the shade of the cornice layer, may alert you.
  2. There are clear signs of nail fungus. The color of the nail surface varies, from pink, to yellow or brown, the natural shine and softness disappear. The lateral edges of the nails are thickened, crushed, deformed.
  3. It is considered a neglected form in which the infection covers the entire surface of the cornea. It thickens, there is an increase in keratinocytes, fragility increases. Cutting such a nail is very problematic, its edges are bent from the inside and grow on the skin of the fingers, giving the patient pain when walking.

Post-stage 3 complications are characterized by stratification of keratinocytes from the growth bed. This condition is accompanied by severe pain and unpleasant odor. The incubation period of nail fungus is 3 weeks, after which it is already possible to diagnose the disease and start antifungal therapy.

Types of nail fungus

With onychomycosis, several types of fungi are diagnosed.

types of nail fungus
  1. Dermatophytes usually appear as platinum fogging of the nails. Yellow spots form on the edges or in the center. Over time, the yellowed edge leaves the stratum corneum. Longitudinal lines are sometimes observed along the damaged area.
  2. Yeast fungi change the structure of the nail, deforming it. The nail plate becomes uneven, waves, grooves appear, after a while the color of the nail takes on a yellow tinge and may be left behind. At the same time, the nail rolls may pus and thicken. The fungus is detected in immunocompromised people during long-term drug therapy. It is manifested by a change in the color range of the nail. At first it is yellow, then the hue changes and can be like green, bluish and even black. In this case, the treatment is shorter and lasts 1–1, 5 months, as the mold does not penetrate deep into the nail plate, but remains only on the surface.

Effective Infection Control Techniques

How to get rid of nail fungus bother many patients quickly and permanently. Treatment of onychomycosis in the early stages does not take long. Can be managed with local antifungal agents. They spread deep in the stratum corneum and inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi. Such a treatment will be effective if a small area of ​​the nail plate is affected, no more than 1/3.

Nail fungus varnishes are endowed with positive healing properties. They have a liquid structure, are easily applied and penetrate into small cracks in the nail. When applied, the spray is immediately absorbed and dries, forming a durable film. Prevents oxygen from entering the nail, thus stopping the growth and reproduction of fungi.

Must be applied once a day. It is problematic to remove the varnish from the surface of the nail plate, which allows you to effectively influence the infection.

Antifungal medicines, creams and oils can also be used. They are more effective than paints and are used in the detection of stage 2 disease. Before applying the cream, you need to remove the damaged surface of the nail plate.

Apply a cream or ointment 2 times a day and cover the affected area with a small amount. To achieve maximum effect after applying the cream, it is necessary to seal the infected area with a plaster.

Methods for treating onychomycosis depend on the degree of neglect and the form identified. It only develops under the supervision of a doctor, as all medicines for fungal infections are highly toxic. The specialist examines the patient and takes a small piece of the nail for laboratory research to determine the type of fungus. In case the disease has spread all over the nail platinum and the fungus progresses for more than a year, a complex treatment is prescribed, which involves local and internal use of medicines.

Systemic oral antibiotics have been shown to be useful in treating fungal infections. Such drugs, in combination with oils, deprive the fungus of the opportunity to grow deep into the nail and stop the growth of colonies. This type of treatment is long-term and lasts about a year.

Medicine does not stand still, effective methods are constantly being developed and applied in the fight against fungal disease. In 2010, new methods appeared in the treatment of onychomycosis. Photodynamic treatment of nail plates infected with a fungus, and laser treatment on special "nail" laser in combination with antimicrobial agents give a tangible positive effect and shorten the healing time.

The peculiarity of laser therapy is that the fungus is exposed to temperatures up to 70 degrees, at which fungal spores die and the very source of the spread of the disease is the mycelium.

Laser treatment does not affect healthy skin around the nail, it acts exclusively on fungal organisms that die within a few sessions.

Traditional medicine in the treatment of fungi

traditional medicine in the treatment of fungi

You can try to cope with the illness at home. Treatment should begin with soap and soda baths, which soften the nail plate. It should be cleaned from the cornice layer with a manicure file. Such bathing and cleaning should be performed once a week, for 6 months. The affected area should be treated with tea tree oil. To increase the therapeutic effect, you can glue the infected nail plate with adhesive plaster, after placing on it a tampon soaked in equal proportions with lavender and tea oils.

Traditional methods in the treatment of nail fungus are diverse and most often have a positive and rapid result, provided that the disease is in the initial stage.Among the most effective are:

  1. Treatment of affected areas with hydrogen peroxide. You should moisten the nails with good steam 2-3 times a day with a cotton swab moistened with hydrogen peroxide. After a few days, the nail plate will become much softer and can be cut with nail scissors.
  2. The use of celandine in folk medicine has proven its effectiveness in the treatment of skin diseases, as well as in fungal infections of various etiologies. Iodinol is added to crushed dry celandine (purchased at the pharmacy). These two ingredients are carefully soaked and the resulting mixture is applied to the affected area. The nail is wrapped in plastic wrap and left overnight. To cure stage 1-2 of fungi, it is enough to perform 3-5 such procedures.
  3. Propolis is considered an effective remedy for fungus. A 20% propolis solution purchased at a pharmacy is applied to the affected area in the form of a compress. A cotton swab moistened with a remedy is applied to the nail plate and sealed with a plaster. Over time, the affected nail will shift to the healthy one.
  4. Golden mustache is an amazing plant that helps in various diseases. When treating a fungus, it is necessary to attach a softened leaf of a plant to a steamed nail and leave it overnight under a film. In the morning, you should cut the softened part as much as possible, up to the roots. It is necessary to place the golden mustache only in the area of ​​the nail plate, without touching the surrounding skin, to avoid burns. Soon the nail will recover and will be healthy and strong.
  5. If nail fungus has infected your hands, you can get rid of it with tar soap. It is necessary to thoroughly wash your hands with it, paying special attention to the affected areas. Then you need to dip your nails in a very concentrated salt solution and bandage them overnight. The positive effect will come after a week.

Treating nail fungus is a long process. Regardless of which therapy is chosen, you need to be patient and use the medications prescribed by your doctor regularly. And also we should not forget about preventive measures in order to prevent infection again.

Only a doctor decides how to treat nail fungus after a thorough examination of the patient and after the results of laboratory tests. In order to avoid re-infection with the fungus, it is necessary to use medication for preventive purposes. Monitor the condition of the nails and skin, if the first signs of the disease are detected, immediately contact a specialist.Remember that in the early stages, fungi heal quickly and effectively.