Each of us can catch a fungus. It is an infectious disease that is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person and usually affects the nails and skin. If the nail plate has changed, started to crumble, has changed color, it means that an infection has occurred and onychomycosis has developed. It affects 20% of the adult population in the world.
Most people have no idea what onychomycosis is and how dangerous it is. Pathogenic microorganisms, penetrating the nail structure, alter it. In addition to an aesthetic problem, fungi are capable of poisoning the whole body with toxins. This leads to allergic reactions, decreased protective functions of the body and diseases of internal organs.
Nail fungus can only be infected under favorable conditions. Normally, the skin has an acidic environment, which prevents the penetration of various infections. If its pH for some reason has changed towards alkaline, then the reproduction and growth of pathogenic organisms increases dramatically.
A humid environment also promotes infection. A person can become infected if personal hygiene or simple rules of conduct in public places are not observed. Dead scales of the patient's skin or nail are a source of infection.Causes of nail fungus can be:
Infection first occurs in a small area of the nail, usually on the edge. Then the inflammatory process grows and spreads to other areas or penetrates deeper into the nail plate. The sooner nail fungus is found, the easier it is to cure. Therefore, at the first sign, treatment should begin immediately.
Not only a specialist but also the patient himself can diagnose onychomycosis in a person. The main signs of nail fungus are as follows:
important it is important to identify the disease in time to avoid further spread to the skin of the feet and other parts of the toes. The doctor will be able to accurately assess the degree of fungal infection and prescribe appropriate treatment.
There are 3 stages of mushrooms:
Post-stage 3 complications are characterized by stratification of keratinocytes from the growth bed. This condition is accompanied by severe pain and unpleasant odor. The incubation period of nail fungus is 3 weeks, after which it is already possible to diagnose the disease and start antifungal therapy.
With onychomycosis, several types of fungi are diagnosed.
How to get rid of nail fungus bother many patients quickly and permanently. Treatment of onychomycosis in the early stages does not take long. Can be managed with local antifungal agents. They spread deep in the stratum corneum and inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi. Such a treatment will be effective if a small area of the nail plate is affected, no more than 1/3.
Nail fungus varnishes are endowed with positive healing properties. They have a liquid structure, are easily applied and penetrate into small cracks in the nail. When applied, the spray is immediately absorbed and dries, forming a durable film. Prevents oxygen from entering the nail, thus stopping the growth and reproduction of fungi.
Must be applied once a day. It is problematic to remove the varnish from the surface of the nail plate, which allows you to effectively influence the infection.
Antifungal medicines, creams and oils can also be used. They are more effective than paints and are used in the detection of stage 2 disease. Before applying the cream, you need to remove the damaged surface of the nail plate.
Apply a cream or ointment 2 times a day and cover the affected area with a small amount. To achieve maximum effect after applying the cream, it is necessary to seal the infected area with a plaster.
Methods for treating onychomycosis depend on the degree of neglect and the form identified. It only develops under the supervision of a doctor, as all medicines for fungal infections are highly toxic. The specialist examines the patient and takes a small piece of the nail for laboratory research to determine the type of fungus. In case the disease has spread all over the nail platinum and the fungus progresses for more than a year, a complex treatment is prescribed, which involves local and internal use of medicines.
Systemic oral antibiotics have been shown to be useful in treating fungal infections. Such drugs, in combination with oils, deprive the fungus of the opportunity to grow deep into the nail and stop the growth of colonies. This type of treatment is long-term and lasts about a year.
Medicine does not stand still, effective methods are constantly being developed and applied in the fight against fungal disease. In 2010, new methods appeared in the treatment of onychomycosis. Photodynamic treatment of nail plates infected with a fungus, and laser treatment on special "nail" laser in combination with antimicrobial agents give a tangible positive effect and shorten the healing time.
The peculiarity of laser therapy is that the fungus is exposed to temperatures up to 70 degrees, at which fungal spores die and the very source of the spread of the disease is the mycelium.
Laser treatment does not affect healthy skin around the nail, it acts exclusively on fungal organisms that die within a few sessions.
You can try to cope with the illness at home. Treatment should begin with soap and soda baths, which soften the nail plate. It should be cleaned from the cornice layer with a manicure file. Such bathing and cleaning should be performed once a week, for 6 months. The affected area should be treated with tea tree oil. To increase the therapeutic effect, you can glue the infected nail plate with adhesive plaster, after placing on it a tampon soaked in equal proportions with lavender and tea oils.
Traditional methods in the treatment of nail fungus are diverse and most often have a positive and rapid result, provided that the disease is in the initial stage.Among the most effective are:
Treating nail fungus is a long process. Regardless of which therapy is chosen, you need to be patient and use the medications prescribed by your doctor regularly. And also we should not forget about preventive measures in order to prevent infection again.
Only a doctor decides how to treat nail fungus after a thorough examination of the patient and after the results of laboratory tests. In order to avoid re-infection with the fungus, it is necessary to use medication for preventive purposes. Monitor the condition of the nails and skin, if the first signs of the disease are detected, immediately contact a specialist.Remember that in the early stages, fungi heal quickly and effectively.